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Reference Resources: Literature -- Criticism And Other Reference

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Literature Compass

Updated monthly, this journal features peer-reviewed survey articles on research and issues in Anglophone writing in the following areas: American; Medieval; Renaissance; Shakespeare; Seventeenth Century; Romanticism; Eighteenth Century; Victorians; Twentieth Century.
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Literature Resource Center

Large database containing extensive biographical and critical information on writers, movements, and works from virtually all time periods.
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All Things Austen: An Encyclopedia Of Austen's World

More than 150 entries provide historical details on the form and function of everyday and obscure objects that are mentioned in Jane Austen's novels -- what her characters ate and wore, domestic items, the social scene, the workplace, the church, special events and rituals, and everyday customs. Included are entries on beverages, carriages and coaches, clothing, dance, etc.
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All Things Chaucer: An Encyclopedia Of Chaucer's World

This two-volume set (2006) contains about 150 alphabetically-arranged entries on Chaucer's life, works, world, characters, and literary references. The above link takes you to Volume 1 (A-J) and this link takes you to Volume 2.
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American History Through Literature, 1820-1870

Presents over 250 entries on the relationship between history and literature during the 50-year period that "witnessed the birth of a truly American literature." Published in print form as a three-volume set in 2005. You can see a PDF copy of the table of contents here.
Purchase was made possible by the Lois Ferguson and Fred Carrington Cole Endowment.
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American History Through Literature, 1870-1920

Presents over 250 entries on the relationship between history and literature during the 50-year period from the years following the Civil War through World War I. Published in print form as a three-volume set in 2005. You can see a PDF copy of the table of contents here.
Purchase was made possible by the Lois Ferguson and Fred Carrington Cole Endowment.
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Arab Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide, 1873-1999

Edited by Radwa Rashour and first published in Arabic in 2004, this 2008 translation "traces the development of Arab women’s literature through the end of the twentieth century" with country-by-country essays. Also includes a comprehensive bibliography.
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Arthurian Writers

Signed literary biographies of about 30 "major contributors to Arthurian fiction," from Gildas and Bede, through the Gawain poet, Chaucer, Malory, Dryden, Arnold, Twain, Walker Percy, Margaret Atwood, and others.
Purchase was made possible by the McCrum Palmer Book Fund.
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Blackwell Companion To The Bible In English Literature

2010 "ambitious overview of the Bible's role and influence on English literature... from the medieval period up through the 20th century," with nearly 50 signed essays tracing key developments of Biblical themes and literary theory through the ages, as well as individual writers. You may preview the contents.
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Blackwell Guide To Literary Theory

2007 guide by Gregory Castle provides: a brief history of the rise of literary theory in the twentieth century, placing different theories within historical contexts; an alphabetically-organized series of entries on key figures and publications, from Adorno to Žižek; descriptions of the major movements in literary theory, from critical theory through to postcolonial theory. You can view the table of contents here.
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Cambridge Companion To Crime Fiction

The 14 original essays in this 2003 volume cover "British and American crime fiction from the eighteenth century to the end of the twentieth... It also includes chapters on the treatment of crime in eighteenth-century literature, French and Victorian fiction, women and black detectives, and more. You may preview the contents.
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Cambridge Companion To Feminist Literary Theory

2006 volume "presents a range of approaches to the field. Some of the essays demonstrate feminist critical principles at work in analysing texts, while others take a step back to trace the development of a particular feminist literary method." You may preview a copy of the table of contents.
You can search the contents of this and over 290 other volumes in Cambridge Collections Online.
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Cambridge Companions Online

From the printed Cambridge Companions series, this ever-growing database currently contains over 2,000 essays offering "introductions to major writers, artists, philosophers, topics and periods." It includes the contents of over 290 volumes in the Cambridge Companions series in Literature, Classics, Philosophy, Religion, and Culture. The library also holds many of these titles in printed form.
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Cambridge History Of American Literature

This eight-volume set, completed in 2005, is a "comprehensive narrative and analysis of four centuries of achievement in all genres of writing. The authors include many of the most eminent scholars working in the field today." You may view a list of the volumes. The library also has printed volumes, as well as the first edition.
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Cambridge History Of English And American Literature

Originally published in the first two decades of the 20th century, this is considered one of the most important collections of literary history and criticism ever published, with more than 11,000 pages on poetry, fiction, drama, essays, and history.
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Children's Folklore: A Handbook

This authoritative introduction (2008) includes a discussion of how children's folklore is defined, classifications of various types of children's folklore, a selection of examples and texts, scholars' views on children's folklore since the 19th century, and how children's folklore has become popular in popular culture.
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Columbia Anthology Of Chinese Folk And Popular Literature

In this 2011 volume, two of the world's leading sinologists, Victor H. Mair and Mark Bender, "capture the breadth of China's oral-based literary heritage," with "works drawn from the large body of oral literature of many of China's recognized ethnic groups -- including the Han, Yi, Miao, Tu, Daur, Tibetan, Uyghur, and Kazak -- and the selections include a variety of genres. Chapters cover folk stories, songs, rituals, and drama, as well as epic traditions and professional storytelling, and feature both familiar and little-known texts." You may preview the contents.
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Companion To Crime Fiction

2010 collection of 47 original essays on the development of the genre from its origins in the eighteenth century to modern film stories. You may preview the contents.
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Companion To Herman Melville

Edited by Wyn Kelley, this 2006 work is comprised of 35 original essays by scholars from around the world, representing a range of different approaches to Melville, including postcolonial and feminist perspectives. You may view the table of contents here.
Purchase was made possible by Hal F. and Barbra B. Higginbotham.
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Companion To Medieval English Literature And Culture

This 2006 volume contains a collection of newly-commissioned essays on medieval literature and culture. You may view the table of contents here.
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Companion To Satire

This 2006 volume is a collection of 29 original essays, surveying satire from its emergence in Western literature to the present. You can view the table of contents here.
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Companion To Walt Whitman

Edited by Donald Kummings, this 2006 volume contains more than 30 substantial essays written by leading scholars and constitutes an "exceptionally broad-ranging and in-depth guide to one of America's greatest poets." Includes contributions devoted to specific poetry and prose works, a compact biography of the poet, and a bibliography. You may view the table of contents here.
Purchase was made possible by Hal F. and Barbra B. Higginbotham.
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Companion To The Literatures Of Colonial America

2005 volume provides "a broad introduction to the field of early American and comparative colonial studies... essays discuss major issues shaping the field today, and help contextualize early texts by situating them in relation to broader historical and cultural movements and moments..." You may view the table of contents here.
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Contemporary Authors

Contemporary Authors (CA) is a bio-bibliographical guide to over 120,000 current writers in fiction, general nonfiction, poetry, journalism, drama, motion pictures, television, and other fields.
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Critical Companion To Dante

2008 work by Jay Ruud contains a concise biography of Dante, synopses and critical assessments of Dante's work, including extensive coverage of the three parts of The Divine Comedy, descriptions of Dante's characters, related people, places, and topics, including friends and literary influences, etc.
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Critical Companion To William Faulkner

Subtitled A Literary Reference to His Life and Work, this 2008 work includes coverage of major works, biographical and family information, interviews and speeches, and more.
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Dictionary Of Literary Biography

This still-growing series includes over 13,000 essays in more than 350 volumes. "Written by recognized literary scholars and critics, entries discuss an author's life and career and summarize the critical response to his or her work, from initial publication to the present." Volumes are organized thematically, with many authors appearing in multiple volumes.
Online access is provided there through our Literature Resource Center subscription.
The library also has some printed volumes, including a few not included in the online collection.
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Dictionary Of Literary Symbols

Second edition (2007) of Michael Ferber's compilation of symbolic items "based on literature, rather than ‘universal’ psychological archetypes or myths." The library also has the first edition in its collection.
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Early American Nature Writers

This 2007 volume begins with an introductory essay on the history of early American nature writing and then provides signed, alphabetically-arranged entries on 52 writers, including Agassiz, Audubon, Emerson, Thoreau, the Bartrams, Meriwether Lewis, and Charles Wesley Powell.
Purchase was made possible by the Victor Roger Bond '56 Library Endowment Fund.
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Encyclopedia Of Contemporary LGBTQ Literature Of The United States

Two-volume set (2009) contains over 300 alphabetically arranged entries which "survey contemporary lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, and queer American literature and its social contexts."
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Encyclopedia Of Feminist Literature

This 2004 resource profiles nearly 70 important women writers, as well as offering over 20 other entries on such themes as sexuality and and the novel.
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Encyclopedia Of Hip Hop Literature

2008 volume contains about 180 signed, alphabetically-arranged entries covering "the world of Hip Hop literature" and "its social and cultural contexts," including authors, genres, works, musical artists, fashion designers, directors, and other figures.
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Encyclopedia Of Latin American Literature

One-volume collection (1997) of signed entries "about writers, works, and topics relating to the literature of Latin America, which is defined to include the French- and Spanish-speaking Caribbean islands and Mexico as well as the countries of Central and South America." The library also has a printed copy in its collection.
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Encyclopedia Of Latin American And Caribbean Literature

2005 volume contains about 200 signed entries "on all aspects of literature, including authors, critics, major works, magazines, genres, schools and movements in these regions from the beginning of the twentieth century..."
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Facts On File Companion To American Poetry

Two-volume set (2007) contains over 1,000 signed entries on "the various writers, works, themes, and movements" relating to American poetry. The collection includes over 100 entries contributed by W&L alumnus Temple Cone.
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Facts On File Companion To The American Short Story

Second edition (2010) features "entries on individual authors, groups or movements (Lost Generation), characters, settings, individual short stories, broad themes, theoretical stances (Marxist criticism, poststructuralism), major magazines and awards, and literary movements (realism, new criticism). Also covered are genres, themes, literary terms (caricature, hyperbole), and historical or cultural terms (Reconstruction, Spanish-American War)."
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Feminism In Literature: A Gale Critical Companion

Published as a six-volume set in 2004, this resource explores the history of women and feminism throughout literature, from classical antiquity to modern times. Essays include biographical entries and coverage of such topics as women in the medieval world and feminist literary theory. A copy of the table of contents is here.
This purchase was made possible by the Alice M. Dean Fund.
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Gale Contextual Encyclopedia Of American Literature

Four-volume set (2009) contains nearly 500 entries on American writers which "analyze an author's work as a reflection of the heritage, traditions and experiences of the author's personal life and the beliefs, events, and lifestyles of the United States at the time." You may view a copy of the table of contents.
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Gothic Literature

Part of the Edinburgh Critical Guides to Literature series, this 2007 volume by Andrew Smith "provides a thorough grounding in both the history of Gothic literature and the way in which Gothic texts have been (and can be) critically read." You may view a copy of the table of contents.
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Gothic Literature: A Gale Critical Companion

Three-volume set (2006) covers "all facets of the gothic, including visual and performing arts, society and culture, themes and settings and much more." Volume 1 contains thematic essays, while the remaining volumes cover about 25 major authors. You may view a copy of the table of contents.
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Greenwood Encyclopedia Of Folktales And Fairy Tales

Edited by Donald Haase, this three-volume set (2007) contains nearly 700 signed, alphabetically-arranged entries covering major approaches, important authors and scholars, geographical areas, and themes. The above link takes you Volume 1, which covers A-to-F. Here are links to Volume 2 (G-to-P) and Volume 3 (Q-to-Z, bibliography, and Index covering all volumes).
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Handbook Of Research On Children's And Young Adult Literature

Interdisciplinary volume (2010) brings together scholarship from several fields, with signed essays arranged within three broad areas: readers and reading; literary criticism; social contexts. You may preview the contents.
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Historical Companion To Postcolonial Literatures: Continental Europe And Its Empires

2008 volume contains essays "about the political, cultural and economic contexts of postcolonial literatures that have their provenance in the major European Empires of Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, The Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain, as well as places like Latin America and the Philippines." You may preview a copy of the table of contents.
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Historical Dictionary Of German Literature To 1945

2010 volume contains 200 alphabetically-arranged entries on authors, poetry, novels, historical narrative, "philosophical musings," and drama.
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Historical Dictionary Of Modern Japanese Literature And Theater

2009 volume contains about 400 alphabetically-arranged entries on "authors, literary and historical developments, trends, genres, and concepts that played a central role in the evolution of modern Japanese literature," beginning with the Meiji Restoration in 1868.
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Historical Dictionary Of Postwar German Literature

This 2009 work is "devoted to modern literature produced in the German language, whether from Germany, Austria, Switzerland or writers using German in other countries." It includes hundreds of alphabetically-arranged entries on writers, works, genres, movements, literary styles, and forms.
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How Literature Works : 50 Key Concepts

Literary critic John Sutherland's guide offers "concise definitions and clear examples of the fifty concepts that all book lovers should know," including basic descriptive terms, the core vocabulary of literary culture, and devices employed by authors. You may preview the contents.
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International Companion Encyclopedia Of Children's Literature

Second edition of Peter Hunt's encyclopedia contains fifty new articles, and all the other articles from the first edition have been updated or substantially revised. New topics include Postcolonialism, Comparative Studies, Ancient Texts, Contemporary Children's Rhymes and Folklore, Contemporary Comics, War, Horror, Series Fiction, Film, Creative Writing, and 'Crossover' literature, and the international section has been expanded.
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Introduction To Criticism: Literature - Film - Culture

2011 guide covers traditional approaches such as formalism and structuralism, as well as more recent developments in criticism such as evolutionary theory, cognitive studies, ethical criticism, and ecocriticism, with explanations of key works and major ideas in literary criticism, film studies, and gender criticism. You may preview the contents.
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J.R.R. Tolkien Encyclopedia: Scholarship And Critical Assessment

This 2007 volume contains about 500 signed alphabetically-arranged entries reviewing the most recent scholarship on Tolkien, as well as outlining the author and scholar's life and work within historical and cultural contexts. His fiction and his sources of influence are examined along with his artistic and academic achievements, including his translations of medieval texts.
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Key Terms In Literary Theory

2012 collection of "precise definitions of terms and concepts in literary theory, along with explanations of the major movements and figures in literary and cultural theory."
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Latin American Fiction: A Short Introduction

Philip Swanson's 2004 volume "presents Latin American fiction in its cultural and political contexts... Combines an overview of the evolution of modern Latin American fiction with detailed studies of key texts. You may view a copy of the table of contents.
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Literature Compass

Updated monthly, this journal features peer-reviewed survey articles on research and issues in Anglophone writing in the following areas: American; Medieval; Renaissance; Shakespeare; Seventeenth Century; Romanticism; Eighteenth Century; Victorians; Twentieth Century.
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Literature Online (LION)

Literature Online is the leading online resource for the study and teaching of literature in English. It is a fully integrated service that combines the full text of over 357,250 works of literature with huge resources of criticism and reference.
Contemporary criticism is available through the full text of over 320 current literature journals that can be accessed through the renowned literary index, Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (ABELL), which contains literary criticism from 1920 to current.
You can also search the author information to find answers to questions such as: Who wrote The Lord of the Rings? Which authors were in Virginia Woolf's literary circle, The Bloomsbury Group? What African writers were influential in the 20th century? Which women authors were part of the Harlem Renaissance? What is the latest literary criticism on Hispanic American writers?
Literature Online brings together the contents of the following individual databases: Poetry Collections: American Poetry – Over 40,000 poems from more than 200 American poets English Poetry, Second Edition – Essentially the complete English poetic canon from the 8th century to the early 20th. Over 160,000 poems by more than 1,250 poets drawn from nearly 4,500 printed sources African-American Poetry – Nearly 3,000 poems written by African-American poets in the late 18th and 19th centuries Canadian Poetry – Created in partnership with the University of New Brunswick, it includes nearly 20,000 poems from the 17th century through the early 20th century Twentieth-Century American Poetry – More than 52,000 poems from over 750 20th-century American poets Twentieth Century African-American Poetry – 10,000 poems by more than 75 critically acclaimed African-American poets Prose Collections: Early American Fiction, 1789-1875 – More than 750 complete works of fiction by more than 130 authors, the canon of early American literature Early English Prose Fiction – Over 200 complete works of fiction from 1500-1700 Eighteenth-Century Fiction – 96 complete works of fiction by writers from the British Isles from 1700-1780 Nineteenth-Century Fiction – 250 complete novels from 1781 to 1903, including Dickens, Eliot and Hardy, as well as landmarks of Gothic and other Romantic period fiction Drama Collections: American Drama, 1714-1915 – Over 1,500 plays from the beginning of American theater to the early twentieth century English Drama, 1280-1915 – Combination of English Prose Drama and English Verse Drama, which offers 4,000 plays by 1,200 authors from the late 13th century to the early 20th century Premium Collections: MLA International Bibliography Twentieth- Century Drama – A substantial collection of plays written in English from the most significant dramatists of the 20th century. Fully inclusive, it offers a comprehensive collection of women and men writers, all ethnicities and many nationalities Twentieth-Century American Poetry, Second Edition – Combining two existing Chadwyck-Healey Literature Collections with over 500 volumes of newly licensed material, this essential collection brings together the most important and influential poems representing the full range of movements and traditions in American poetry from 1900 to the present day Other Collections: Annual Bibliography of English Language and Literature (ABELL) – Includes over 950,000 bibliographic records from 1920 to current King James Bible – This version of the Bible was the standard edition of the Bible for nearly three centuries and offers a Bible for reference Bible In English – 20 different versions of the English Bible from the 10th to the 20th centuries Editions and Adaptations of Shakespeare – The complete text of 11 major editions, 24 separate contemporary printings of individual plays, more than 100 adaptations from the 17th, 18th, and 19th centuries W.B. Yeats Collection – Yeats's complete works in electronic form Webster's Third New International Dictionary, Unabridged – This 1993 edition offers 450,000 vocabulary entries Bibliography of American Literature (BAL) – Bibliographic information on almost 40,000 American literary works by 300 American writers from the period of the Revolution to 1930, recorded in the BAL's nine volumes.
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Literature Resource Center

Large database containing extensive biographical and critical information on writers, movements, and works from virtually all time periods.
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Literature Of Latin America

Rafael's Ocasio's 2004 volume contains lengthy essays which consider "works of Latin American literature not only in terms of literary merit, but also with regard to their place in the literary heritage."
You may view a copy of the table of contents here. The library also has a printed copy.
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MLA (Modern Language Association) International Bibliography

The MLA International Bibliography is a subject index for books, articles and websites published on modern languages, literatures, folklore, and linguistics. It is produced by the Modern Language Association (MLA), an organization dedicated to the study and teaching of language and literature. The electronic version of the Bibliography dates back to 1925 and contains over 2.2 million citations from more than 4,400 periodicals (including peer-reviewed e-journals) and 1,000 book publishers. It is compiled by the staff of the MLA Department of Bibliographic Information Services with the cooperation of more than 100 contributing bibliographers in the United States and abroad. Such international coverage is represented by literature from Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, and North and South America, and while the majority of records are from English-language publications, at least sixty other languages are represented including French, Spanish, German, Russian, Portuguese, Norwegian, and Swedish.
The database also has an identifiable subset of more than 100,000 records that constitute the JSTOR subfile. This consists of citation records for documents in JSTOR's Language and Literature Collection as well as relevant articles from their Asian Studies collection. The documents date back as far as 1881 and contain direct links to the full-text articles on the JSTOR website.
Our subscription to the MLA International Bibliography also includes access to the MLA Directory of Periodicals database. Full text links to Project Muse journal and ProQuest Digital Dissertations are also included in this database. Subject coverage: Modern literatures, Literary theory and criticism, Linguistics, Teaching of language, Film, television and theater, Rhetoric and composition, History of the book, Folklore.
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MLA Literary Research Guide

Based on the fifth edition (2008) of James L. Harner's "comprehensive and reliable tool" (Times Literary Supplement), now kept up-to-date in an online form. The guide surveys English-language literature -- English, American, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, Caribbean, and [what used to be called] Commonwealth Literature -- with more than 1,000 entries describing the research process and specific reference works and online resources. You may preview the table of contents.
Purchase of this product was made possible by funds from the University Library's Parents Weekend book sale.
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Multicultural Writers Since 1945: An A-to-Z Guide

This 2004 volume contains about 100 signed biographical and critical entries on "writers active since 1945 who were shaped by cultures other than their own." You may view a list of the covered writers near the bottom of this page.
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New Oxford Companion To Literature In French

The 1995 edition of this guide offers over 3,000 entries covering not only ten centuries of literature from France, but also material on other French language-speaking countries around the world. Also available in printed form in the library's collection.
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New Princeton Encyclopedia Of Poetry And Poetics

"Comprehensive reference work dealing with all aspects of its subject -- history, types, movements, prosody, and critical terminology... Entries vary in length from relatively brief notices to substantial articles of about 20,000 words." This is the 1993 edition, edited by Alex Preminger & T.V.F. Brogan
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Oxford Companion To American Literature

Sixth edition (1995) contains over 2000 biographical profiles of American authors (with information regarding their style, subjects, and major works), as well as other figures who have been important in the nation's social and cultural history. Includes more than 1,100 summaries of American novels, stories, essays, poems, plays, biographies and autobiographies, etc. The library has printed copies of various editions in its collection.
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Oxford Companion To Chaucer

First published in 2003, this guide contains over 2,000 entries on "Chaucer's life and times, his works and the characteristics of them, his language and metre, his reading and the creative uses he made of it, and his major moral and literary themes." A printed copy is available in the library collection.
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Oxford Companion To English Literature

Seventh edition (2009) contains over 7,000 entries, including some lengthy essays, provide extensive coverage of writers, works, literary theory, allusions, and characters. Edited by Dinah Birch.
We also have earlier editions.
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Oxford Companion To Fairy Tales

Edited by Jack Zipes (2000; rev. 2011), this edition contains over 800 entries on stories and characters, along with the writers who wrote and reworked them and the artists who illustrated them. Survey articles explore the development of the fairy-tale tradition in individual countries, focusing particularly on the European and North American traditions. A printed copy is available in the library collection.
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Oxford Companion To German Literature

The third edition (1997) is a classic guide to "the whole sweep of literature from German-speaking countries from the eighth century onwards." A printed copy is available in the Library collection.
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Oxford Companion To Italian Literature

Over 2,400 entries (2002) on "the whole of Italian literature, from the early thirteenth century to the present... covering historical writing, travel writing, theatre, and philosophy as well as the novel, poetry, literary dialogues, and critical theory." Also available in printed form in the library collection.
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Oxford Companion To Shakespeare

First published in 2001, this guide provides about 3,000 entries on the Bard's plays and poems and their criticism and interpretation.
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Oxford Companion To Twentieth-Century Literature In English

This 1996 volume contains entries on "English-language writers and writing throughout the twentieth century," including authors, works, periodicals, and literary movements. The library also has a printed copy.
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Oxford Companion To Women's Writing In The United States

This 1995 guide, with over 800 entries, offers a "comprehensive survey of women writers across four centuries of American history. Includes biographical entries on poets, novelists, and playwrights, as well as writers who have made contributions in other fields, such as Betty Friedan, Rachel Carson, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, and Susan B Anthony. Topical entries on personal, cultural, and historical issues, such as AIDS, racism, sexual harassment, the Civil War, black feminism, lesbian literary theory, and deconstruction. A printed copy is available in the library's collection.
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Oxford Dictionary Of Literary Terms

Third edition (2008), written by Chris Baldick, contains about 1,200 entries covering "everything from the ancient "dithyramb" to the contemporary "dub poetry," from the popular "bodice-ripper" to the aristocratic "masque," and from the "social realism" of Stalin's era to the "magic realism" of Gabriel Garcia Marquez. Previous editions are also available in the library's collection.
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Oxford Dictionary Of Plays

Inclusive information on 1,000 best-known plays in world theater.
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Oxford Dictionary Of Reference And Allusion

Third edition (2010) offers summaries of about 1,900 references to "literature, mythology, and the Bible."
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Oxford Encyclopedia Of American Literature

This 2004 publication contains about 350 signed essays by leading scholars, covering American literary history from the 1600's to the present day. Essay topics include individual authors, works, movements, themes, etc.
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Oxford Encyclopedia Of British Literature

A five-volume set in printed form (2006), this encyclopedia contains 500 signed substantial essays which cover "the entire history of British literature from the seventh century to the present, focusing on the writers and the major texts of what are now the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland," including biographies and topical essays with detailed analyses of particular themes, movements, genres, and institutions.
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Oxford Encyclopedia Of Children's Literature

This four-volume set (printed form, 2006) contains over 3,200 entries that comprehensively document and interpret books read by children throughout the world, with attention to significant international trends and the multicultural expansion of the field. It includes brief biographies of major authors and illustrators and feature essays on genres, individual works, and prominent trends and themes.
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Oxford Guide To Literature In English Translation

Published in 2000, this guide contains about 170 substantial entries on individual works (such as Virgil's Aeneid or Thousand and One Nights), writers, genres, and national literatures, complemented by more substanital essays on such issues as the problems of translating poetry. A printed volume is available in the library's collection.
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Oxford Reference Online -- Literature

This sub-set of the Oxford Reference Online service contains the complete texts of over 25 literary dictionaries and companions, including the Oxford Companion to American Literature and the Oxford Companion to English Literature.
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Reception Of Myth And Mythology

With over 2,600 entries, this 2010 volume "highlights the routes and works through which the myths of Greece and Rome" have passed into Western cultural memory over the centuries, into its literature, music, film, and other arts.
This is part of the Brill's New Pauly series and includes cross-references to that collection.
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Routledge Dictionary Of Literary Terms

This 2005 volume, containing over 200 entries, is a revision and expansion of Roger Flowler's Dictionary of Modern Critical Terms, first published in 1973.
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Science Fiction Handbook

2009 volume is an historical and critical survey of the genre, including authors, sub-genres, novels, and films. You may preview the table of contents.
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Symbolism : A Comprehensive Dictionary

Second edition (2012) "defines the general symbolism of over 15,000 terms, from ancient to modern, as well as specialized meanings in mythology, religion, art, literature, folklore, flower language, astrology, heraldry, numerology," etc.
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Year's Work In Critical And Cultural Theory

An annual narrative bibliography of work in the field of critical and cultural theory, recording significant debates and issues of interest in a broad field of research in the humanities and social sciences. Examples: Post-Modernism, Feminisms, Multiculturalism, Deconstruction, etc.
Volumes dated 1996-to-date are available online. The library also holds printed volumes.
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Year's Work In English Studies

An important annual "qualitative narrative bibliographical review of scholarly work on English language and literatures written in English... Each volume includes a detailed overview from Old English to contemporary critical works for a given year."
Volumes dated 1996-to-date are available online. The library also holds printed volumes.
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